Understand []. Josephus mentions that Pella was one the cities freed by Pompey which was also indicated on various coins. [34] From 1966–1967, R. H. Smith led a team from Wooster College (Ohio) to prepare a plan of the site and its environs, and begin excavations, but was interrupted by the Six Day War. h4 { The city lay in northern Greece, about 24 miles (39 km) northwest of Thessaloníki. background-color: #F7F7F7 !important; Pella. Today the city's ruins, predominately temples, churches and housing, have bee… Jordan × ... You can customize the map before you print! [citation needed] An Abbasid khan (caravanserai) dating to ca. [5] Getzel M. Cohen sees it as plausible that the name Pella was chosen either due to its similarity with the older Semitic name, or due to a common characteristic of both the Macedonian and Transjordan sites: their richness in springs. The Muslims forces faced little resistance with the town of Pella surrendering by treaty, thereby avoiding occupation by military conquest. Mythology & Beliefs .footer-blurb.grey { Pella, however, is consistently a "Decapolis" city, and the city in the northernmost bounds of the region known as Perea. In particular, a large market and workshop area was installed adjacent to the Civic Complex church at the heart of the Byzantine town plan. The Civic Complex at the base of the mound of ancient Pella includes a large columned church from the Byzantine period. [citation needed], Evidence for a presence in the Crusader period (12th century CE) is slight – a few pottery sherds only – but in the following Ayyubid and Mamluk periods the flat summit of the tell was inhabited by a large village, featuring a stone-built mosque with a minbar (pulpit), residential compounds defined by lane ways, and a large cemetery. Pella was part of the Decapolis – 10 cities at the eastern frontier of the Roman empire in Syria, Jordan and Israel like Gerasa, Gadara, today Amman, Damascus and others. History Online, Home max-width: 100%; | In the midst of the Jordan Valley are the ruins of the ancient city of Pella, one of the cities of the fabled Roman Decapolis. color: #337ab7; Located 96 km (60 miles) northwest of Amman, Pella, known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl, is one of the most ancient sites in Jordan and a favorite of archaeologists being exceptionally rich in antiquities. } The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. }. [31] Australian archaeologists discovered a Mameluke mosque and administrative compound (ca. Pella. .soc-icon { #1 Pella, Jordan Ancient Site Updated: 2020-05-15 Pella is found in northwestern Jordan, at the modern town of Tabaqat Fahl, ) 27.4 km south of the Sea of Galilee. Pella is a town in Northern Jordan.. Childrens Resources b.c. From Josephus, it is clear that Pella had been damaged and so needed some restoration by Pompey decades afterwards, but his specific reference to the destruction of Pella by Jannaeus because its inhabitants refusing to follow Jewish customs, seems to refer to a different place (Antiquities, XIII.395-397): it is listed as if amongst southern Levantine cities and out of its more normal sequence between Gadara, Gerasa and Scythopolis. } The Macedonian name suggests that this city was probably founded by Alexander's own soldiers. [32], The site was first published as part of a regional survey by G. Schumacher,[33] but the first excavation was conducted by Funk and Richardson only in 1958, revealing Bronze and Iron Age material in two soundings. Walmsley, A.G. (1992) Fihl (Pella) and the Cities of North Jordan during the Umayyad and Abbasid Periods. Walmsley, A.G. (2007) Households at Pella, Jordan: the domestic destruction deposits of the mid-eighth century. Bible [35] A joint project with the University of Sydney (Australia), but with separate excavation teams and seasons, explored the city from 1978–1985. Position your mouse over the map and use your mouse-wheel to zoom in or out. Messianic Prophecies Pella was the Canaanite Pehel, mentioned in early Egyptian inscriptions and the Amarna records. The Incredible Bible - First in the BKA Series. [1], The Semitic name of the ancient, pre-Hellenistic site, was Pahil or Pihil. Or click on the map above to visit more places close to Pella. The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. .footer-blurb { https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pella,_Jordan&oldid=1007991413, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from December 2020, Articles with disputed statements from December 2020, Articles with disputed statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 February 2021, at 00:19. 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