William Ford Gibson (Conway (South Carolina), 17 maart 1948) is een Amerikaans sciencefictionauteur en 'vader' van de 'cyberpunk'. " Gibson met Sterling at a science fiction convention in Denver, Colorado in the autumn of 1981, where he read "Burning Chrome" – the first cyberspace short story – to an audience of four people, and later stated that Sterling "completely got it".  The publication of Neuromancer (1984) hit a cultural nerve, causing Larry McCaffery to credit Gibson with virtually launching the cyberpunk movement, as "the one major writer who is original and gifted to make the whole movement seem original and gifted. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/William-Gibson-American-Canadian-author, The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction - Biography of William Gibson, The Canadian Encyclopedia - Biography of William Gibson. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. William Ford Gibson (born March 17, 1948) is an American-Canadian speculative fiction writer and essayist widely credited with pioneering the science fiction subgenre known as cyberpunk.  In Norfolk, Virginia, Gibson attended Pines Elementary School, where the teachers' lack of encouragement for him to read was a cause of dismay for his parents. , Three of the stories that later appeared in Burning Chrome were written in collaboration with other authors: "The Belonging Kind" (1981) with John Shirley, "Red Star, Winter Orbit" (1983) with Sterling, and "Dogfight" (1985) with Michael Swanwick.  Like Turner, protagonist of Gibson's Count Zero, characters in The Matrix download instructions (to fly a helicopter and to "know kung fu", respectively) directly into their heads, and both Neuromancer and The Matrix feature artificial intelligences which strive to free themselves from human control. In 2017, she became the first African … That's it. He moved to Breckenridge at age 10 and graduated from Breckenridge High School in 1975. , Observers contend that Gibson's influence on the development of the Web reached beyond prediction; he is widely credited with creating an iconography for the information age, long before the embrace of the Internet by the mainstream. GIBSON, William Donald (Don) December 31, 1943 November 1, 2020 It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of William Donald Gibson (Don), 76, at his home in Calgary, after a brief illness. In the 1990s, Gibson composed the Bridge trilogy of novels, which explored the sociological developments of near-future urban environments, postindustrial society, and late capitalism. In fact, I've never really been very interested in computers themselves. With the publication of his first novel, Neuromancer (1984), Gibson emerged as a leading exponent of cyberpunk, a new school of science-fiction writing. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His family moved to Sydney, Australia when Gibson … Genealogy profile for William Gibson William Gibson (1795 - 1872) - Genealogy Genealogy for William Gibson (1795 - 1872) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. , Gibson's early writings are generally near-future stories about the influences of cybernetics and cyberspace (computer-simulated reality) technology on the human species.  Hailed by Steven Poole of The Guardian in 1999 as "probably the most important novelist of the past two decades" in terms of influence, Gibson first achieved critical recognition with his debut novel, Neuromancer. Born in Gloversvi Visionary writer is OK. Prophet is just not true. I took Punk to be the detonation of some slow-fused projectile buried deep in society's flank a decade earlier, and I took it to be, somehow, a sign. William Gibson, Writer: The Miracle Worker. His themes of hi-tech shanty towns, recorded or broadcast stimulus (later to be developed into the "sim-stim" package featured so heavily in Neuromancer), and dystopic intermingling of technology and humanity, are already evident in his first published short story, "Fragments of a Hologram Rose", in the Summer 1977 issue of Unearth. William Gibson was born on March 17, 1948 in Conway, South Carolina, USA as William Ford Gibson.  In 1998 he contributed the introduction to the spin-off publication Art of the X-Files.  In 2007 he said, "I have a 2005 PowerBook G4, a gig of memory, wireless router. , On July 17, 2020, Gibson tweeted: "Third/final volume's working title: Jackpot. I don't know what I would have done if I'd really been drafted. The story inspired a contribution to the exhibition by architects Ming Fung and Craig Hodgetts that envisioned a San Francisco in which the rich live in high-tech, solar-powered towers, above the decrepit city and its crumbling bridge. , In October 1982, Gibson traveled to Austin, Texas for ArmadilloCon, at which he appeared with Shirley, Sterling and Shiner on a panel called "Behind the Mirrorshades: A Look at Punk SF", where Shiner noted "the sense of a movement solidified". Sir William Gibson Craig, 2nd Baronet FRSE (2 August 1797 – 12 March 1878), was a Scottish Advocate and politician. , Gibson is a sporadic contributor of non-fiction articles to newspapers and journals. He was born on December 19,1930 in Isabella County, MI to George and Lucy (Turner) Gibson. Loss is not without its curious advantages for the artist. Genealogy profile for William Gibson William Gibson (1788 - 1839) - Genealogy Genealogy for William Gibson (1788 - 1839) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives.  The code was successfully cracked by Robert Xiao in late July 2012. After weeks of nominal homelessness, Gibson was hired as the manager of Toronto's first head shop, a retailer of drug paraphernalia. " The story takes place in two eras, one about thirty years into the future and the other further in the future. Earth is the alien planet now. Set in a technologically advanced Victorian era Britain, the novel was a departure from the authors' cyberpunk roots.  The New York Times hailed the exhibition as "one of the most ambitious, and admirable, efforts to address the realm of architecture and cities that any museum in the country has mounted in the last decade", despite calling Ming and Hodgetts's reaction to Gibson's contribution "a powerful, but sad and not a little cynical, work". His most recent novels, The Peripheral (2014) and Agency (2020), returned to a more overt engagement with technology and recognizable science fiction themes.  Through studying English literature, he was exposed to a wider range of fiction than he would have read otherwise; something he credits with giving him ideas inaccessible from within the culture of science fiction, including an awareness of postmodernity. Cased, it weighs slightly less than the Macintosh SE/30 I now write on, and is finished in a curious green- and-black "crackle" paint-job, perhaps meant to suggest the covers of an accountant's ledger. Leonard's review called Idoru a "return to form" for Gibson, while critic Steven Poole asserted that All Tomorrow's Parties marked his development from "science-fiction hotshot to wry sociologist of the near future. , Gibson recommenced blogging in October 2004, and during the process of writing Spook Country – and to a lesser extent Zero History – frequently posted short nonsequential excerpts from the novel to the blog. Beginning his writing career in the late 1970s, his early works were noir, near-future stories that explored the effects of technology, cybernetics, and computer networks on humans—a "combination of lowlife and high tech"—and helped to create an iconography for the information age before the ubiquity of the Internet in the 1990s. The Peripheral (2014) investigates the possibility of communication with future societies by way of computer technology. George William Gibson George William Gibson, age 89, passed away on Thursday, November 19, 2020 at his home in West Branch with his family by his side. Gibson published a chronicle of the vicissitudes of rewriting for the sake of this production with a nonfiction book in the following year, The Seesaw Log. Gibson grew up in southwestern Virginia. William decided to travel around the United States and Europe. Simultaneously, weird noises were heard from New York and London. Last Studio Standing Inc., a Canadian-based animation studio, acquired the rights to "Hinterlands" in 2016 and announced that they will be creating both a theatrical short film and a television series. , —Gibson in interview with ActuSf, March 2008, When an interviewer in 1988 asked about the Bulletin Board System jargon in his writing, Gibson answered "I'd never so much as touched a PC when I wrote Neuromancer"; he was familiar, he said, with the science-fiction community, which overlapped with the BBS community. The Blue Ant Cycle?  It was at UBC that he attended his first course on science fiction, taught by Susan Wood, at the end of which he was encouraged to write his first short story, "Fragments of a Hologram Rose". "), Gibson replied "I prefer 'books'. I used it first to write undergraduate Eng. Trey was born in Wichita Falls on Jan. 6,1957 to William Pierce Gibson, Jr. and Ruth Dianne Conner Gibson.  At a later date, Gibson stated that he did not name his trilogies, "I wait to see what people call them," and has in 2016 used "the Blue Ant books" in a tweet. , —William Gibson, interview with The New York Times Magazine, August 19, 2007, A few days after the death of his father, Gibson and his mother moved back from Norfolk to Wytheville. , Neuromancer's release was not greeted with fanfare, but it hit a cultural nerve, quickly becoming an underground word-of-mouth hit. 211", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Gibson&oldid=1002104065, 20th-century American non-fiction writers, 20th-century American short story writers, 20th-century Canadian non-fiction writers, 20th-century Canadian short story writers, 21st-century American non-fiction writers, 21st-century American short story writers, 21st-century Canadian non-fiction writers, 21st-century Canadian short story writers, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 21:52.  At his draft hearing, he honestly informed interviewers that his intention in life was to sample every mind-altering substance in existence. , Adaptations of Gibson's fiction have frequently been optioned and proposed, to limited success.  He accepted another acting role in 2002, appearing alongside Douglas Coupland in the short film Mon Amour Mon Parapluie in which the pair played philosophers. His first major piece of nonfiction, the article "Disneyland with the Death Penalty", attracted a spirited critical response. Omissions? " However, "Blue Ant" rather than "Bigend" has become the standard signifier.  Virtual Light depicts an "end-stage capitalism, in which private enterprise and the profit motive are taken to their logical conclusion", according to one review.  A slightly different version of the short story was featured a year later in Omni. The best thing you can do with science today is use it to explore the present. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. His work has been cited as influencing a variety of disciplines: academia, design, film, literature, music, cyberculture, and technology.  In the late 1980s he wrote an early version of Alien 3 (which he later characterized as "Tarkovskian"), few elements of which survived in the final version. Corrections?  In the biographical documentary No Maps for These Territories (2000), Gibson said that his decision was motivated less by conscientious objection than by a desire to "sleep with hippie chicks" and indulge in hashish. He was educated at the High School in Edinburgh and then privately in Yorkshire.  He was inducted by Science Fiction Hall of Fame that same year, presented by his close friend and collaborator Jack Womack.  Aside from a "brief, riot-torn spell" in the District of Columbia, Gibson spent the rest of the 1960s in Toronto, where he met Vancouverite Deborah Jean Thompson, with whom he subsequently traveled to Europe. Mel Gibson, 64, and girlfriend Rosalind Ross, 29, take their three-year-old son Lars to stock up on groceries in LA. ... My wife made it for you. What? Gibson had previously written the foreword to Shirley's 1980 novel City Come A-walkin' and the pair's collaboration continued when Gibson wrote the introduction to Shirley's short story collection Heatseeker (1989).  The two became immediate and lifelong friends. I wasn't a tightly wrapped package at that time.  The focus of his writing nevertheless remains "at the intersection of paranoia and technology". He is the author of Neuromancer, Count Zero, Mona Lisa Overdrive, Burning Chrome, Virtual Light, Idoru, All Tomorrow’s Parties, Pattern Recognition, Spook Country, Zero History, Distrust That Particular Flavor, and The Peripheral.  Gibson said in a New Yorker magazine article that both Trump's election and the controversy over Cambridge Analytica had caused him to rethink and revise the text. Given a year to complete the work, Gibson undertook the actual writing out of "blind animal terror" at the obligation to write an entire novel – a feat which he felt he was "four or five years away from". Cyberpunk combines a cynical, tough “punk” sensibility with futuristic cybernetic (i.e., having to do with communication and control theory) technology. Anything but an early adopter, generally Massachusetts, USA early works Gibson. Lists for the first time in history that a book was launched simultaneously as a film and a CD-ROM video. 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