He said around 15 police men rounded him up and beat him. There came the election in May 16th of 1946. The Madurai edition of the Hindu reported the incident as the front page lead item further: “The trouble started when a group of 200 persons, mostly belonging to the Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (TMMK), staged a road roko at Five Point Junction, demanding the release of their leader John Pandian. Ukkirapandi Muthuramalingam Thevar (30 October 1908 – 30 October 1963), also known as Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar, was an Indian political leader. Pallars tend to refer to themselves by their caste name so that they are not amalgamated with other lower castes. We also reiterate here the promise that our team of reporters, copy editors, fact-checkers, designers, and photographers will deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. He told us that from the previous evening itself, the sub inspector Shanmuganathan had started harassing people who had gathered around the place. It is obvious that the police had not followed their own manual. Citizens' committee to Oversee Police Firing Incident. Tamil Nadu based Centre for Protection of Civil Liberties (CPCL) took an initiative to constitute an all India team to do the fact finding into the incident. All these murders, he said, were aimed at frightening the people from going to Paramakudi and sabotaging the event from being successful. The police people there also behaved highhanded with people in unnecessarily beating them. Thevar contested from the Mudukulathur constituency, and was elected unopposed. 4. After serving the Army for a few years, he returned to Paramakudi to become a Youth Congress leader. In the next elections in 1962, he was again reelected for the Lok Sabha but soon thereafter he died on October 30. With the exception of CPI and CPM all political parties attend this function. Victim: Singadurai, Burma colony, Paramakudi. When Muthuramalinga Thevar had entered this meeting, everybody including the Collector stood up with the exception of Immanuel Sekaran. Home Tamil architecture Buildings and structures in Tamil Nadu Universities and colleges in Tamil Nadu They catch hold of stray people and start thrashing them. He functioned very bravely and questioned every casteist injustice heaped on the Pallars in the Ramanathapuram district. While his in-laws went there, they were informed that he was taken to Madurai General Hospital. Caste riots and rampages took place, and 42 Dalits were slain in the Mudukalathoor riots. He is survived by his parents, wife son (4) and daughter(2 ½). Greenways Road and Chamiers Road , two important arterial roads in Chennai, were renamed after Thevar, and his statue was installed at the intersection of his eponymous road with Anna Salai. Around that time, Gajendran, the police inspector arrived there. She had stated in the Assembly on September 12 that the Paramakudi episode was the “culmination of a chain of events” triggered by a defamatory graffiti against Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar written on a wall at Mandalamanickam village by miscreants and the subsequent murder of T. Palanikumar, a higher secondary school student of Pacheri Dalit hamlet on September 9…” In the face of it, it was intriguing how her police killing people in the name of law and order becomes a caste conflict. It is reported that one Gajendran, Inspector police, shot at the crowd without any provocation. Balakrishnan said that he had not even realized that he was hit with a bullet as he was running but then he fainted. The police action is to demoralize the dalits from making such a demand and to please Thevars who would not want the Sekaran guru puja to be the state sponsored event quite like theirs. In these columns I had traced the early life and meteoric rise of Pasumpon Sri Muthuramalinga Thevar (THEVAR) as an incomparable freedom fighter and champion of socio-economic liberation of the backward classes of Madras Presidency up to the end of 1936. It is obnoxious to see the state functionaries attending the Thevar guru puja every year. Velaichamy had to be hospitalized for 5 days. When the Congress expelled all the dissenting fractions, including the Forward Bloc in 1948, the Forward Bloc became an independent opposition party, and he became its president of its Tamil Nadu state unit. In 1971 his cemetery in Pasumpon was converted into an official memorial by the AIDMK government. At the spot of firing, we generally spoke with the crowd collected around us about what they saw around 11.30 onwards at the Five-Point junction on 11 September. Ponniah.It is situated in Usilampatti, Tamilnadu. At around 11.30, suddenly, the police begin lathi charge. We were told that the police slapped various charges of arson etc. After the general elections in 1957, Thevar made peace with his former enemy C. Rajagopalachari, who had formed a new party called Congress Reform Committee, to defeat Kamaraj and the Congress rule in the state. Kamaraj, the then Chief Minister, immediately arrested Muthuramalinga Thevar and all the Maravars who were responsible for the riots. The police stopped the Pattam villagers also. They have been noted as a class of agricultural labourers. Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar College Usilampatti is a college that was founded on July 5, 1968 in Madurai District, Tamil Nadu State, India. Sankarankovil. Posted by Tamil at 1:10 AM 0 comments. It is out and out a false alibi to soften the crime. Raja, another witness told us that Balakrishnan was carried on a two wheeler by the people themselves and admitted in the General Hospital and was later shifted to Apollo Hospital, from which he was discharged recently. Large numbers of people congregate at Paramakudi, where a platform is erected over his burial site as the memorial. He pleaded ignorance. Victim: Muniyandi, elder brother of Theerpukani's father. •  Pending investigation, the above and other officials involved in the process of granting permission for fire (such as Siva Kumar, Tehsildar, Paramakudi) should be summarily suspended. He was brought to the Madurai General Hospital and was there for eight days without any treatment. var idcomments_acct = '06815d6bdc3bc7ef1e12bceaeb7d9212'; In order to scuttle such nefarious plans of these 34 people and also to plan for the upcoming Thevar guru puja we request all Aapanattu Maravars to come under one administration and one leadership and attend the meeting to be held on September 18th in Thevar marriage hall, after the 5 people remembrance day(sep14). No newspaper reports the latter. He worked towards uplifting the Dalits and organized ‘ Annihilation of Caste Conference ' in Madurai , which was presided over by Dr Ambedkar . To cite a few instances: His concern for the plight of the people of Indian origin in Myanmar; his steadfast support to Mao and the Chinese revolution; his analysis of foreign policies of the United States and the United Kingdom; and his advice to the Indian government not to join the Western camp. The video recording showed the callous manner the police carried the corpses, with the head and limbs dangling against ground. A Commemorative Postage Stamp was published by the Indian Postal Department in the year 1995. The Hindu of 15.09.11 reported John Pandian, President of Tamizhaga Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (TMMK) saying, “I was allotted time between 3 pm to 5 pm to pay my respects at the memorial … but was later illegally detained saying Section 144 Cr PC has been promulgated prohibiting me from entering Ramnathpuram.” He demands FIR to be filed against Rajesh Das, IG Police, South Zone, and K A Senthilvelan, Deputy Commissioner, Adyar (who was on deputation) under section 302 and Avaniapuram (Madurai) Inspector Gajendran under section 307 of the IPC. It is the native of Emmanuel Sekaran's mother. A bullet hit him there. When asked if there was any instance of molestation, he deniede saying that there were only two women constables and they were standing far away from where the lathi charge took place. We sent a request in but were asked to wait downstairs. It also tries to deter them from crowding at Paramakudi in huge numbers. He told us that he was picked up by the police around 3 pm near the Paramakudi Railway crossing which is about half a kilometer from the Five-Point junction. There is a strong demand from the people of Paramakudi, especially from 2007 for declaring Emmanuel Sekaran's death anniversary as a state function. At this en of Madurai-Rameswaram road, some people are seen breaking the glass of a standing truck. He told us that he was going to a shop in Five-Point junction and was picked up from there by the police and was thrashed badly. Thevar dominance was such that they were a “law unto themselves” in the region. Over the recent decades, they built up substantial social capital through their presence in cinema, in local administration, in political parties. The police being the face of the state to the people needs to be closely watched for its conduct and behavior. They were sent from there to Sivagangai General Hospital and then sent to Madurai General Hospital where they received some treatment. Please be responsible and civil in your postings and stay within the topic discussed in the article too. Since there are a couple of good videos available of the entire episode, they could be even treated as incontrovertible. One of the founding members of the Forward Bloc, Muthuramalinga Thevar was a fierce critic of the Congress party and a political adversary of Kamaraj and also of … Many people got themselves treated privately and hence did not figure in the official count. Each … Theerpukani wanted to take his bike parked there but seeing no one except police there he returned home along with his friends. We could not afford to wait endlessly and hence requested him through his attendant to give us a time slot for a brief interview. College students. From 2007, the Pallars have been using with impunity the epithets that symbolized their guru, Muthuramlinga Thevar and responding to them in every defiant way. He further stated that normally the collector was supposed to do his own investigation into such incidents but since the government had announced a one man judicial commission, he himself became a subject of investigation. Many people had to drop the plan of going to Paramakudi but some hired whatever vehicles that were available. They approached S.Ganesan of Karaikudi and he contested against Kamaraj. He said that he visited the hospital too and saw the injured. The police particularly, Shiv Kumar, Inspector, Paramakudi and Senthivelan, Dy Commisioner should be held for all the loss of life and atrocities. He had married an upper caste girl. Today, there is a memorial for Immanuel Sekaran in Paramkodi in southern Tamil Nadu.”. Facebook app. Mookiah Thevar and V. K. C. Natarajan, I.A.S., on 5-7-1968 in a sprawling area of 54.65 acres of land and with the support of the public and Kallar Community Common Fund as seed money. However, the Dalits and the Nadars had voted for entirely for the Congress. So the firing was effectively for two reasons: one, self defence and two, for the protection of other communities. It was too brutal for anyone to do that. Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar College, Madurai offers Under Graduate Courses, Post Graduate Courses, . *Our Digital Subscription plans do not currently include the e-paper, crossword and print. In a central committee meeting at Nagpur in 1955, he was elected as deputy chairman of the Forward Block. These developments have changed the contours of the conflict between Thevars and Pallars during the last two decades. Balakrishnan, although shocked at his plight, was not reconciled with it and was determined to fight a legal battle against the police. To Pallars, it conveys that they should limit their enthusiasm and do not aspire to equate themselves with Pallars. Log In. It is said that the people who had come from Sivagangai district were stopped at the Chinthamani junction as they were traveling in an open truck (which is prohibited to carry people). Theerpukani, a 22years old youth studying in II year of polytechnic, was brutally beaten to death. It is mainly because the politicians use police as their agent. Apart from these cash equivalent bribery, the parties after coming to power use the government to further their electoral interests. The crowd was swelling as the time passed. It was built by the Maravar community for the developmental works of the Maravars. We asked him whether he was aware of the video recordings of the entire episode being available, which do not corroborate with his version. They had formed a wall along the Madurai - Rameswaram road, leaving a lane sufficient to pass vehicles. Gajendran reached there in a jeep and as he got out, he immediately started firing from his service pistol. Just after 10 to 15 minutes, the vajra is brought in and positioned opposite to Mudukulathur road. Victim: Paneerselvam (50), died of gunshot. We got down at the church where many people were already available. Later he along with 5 others was taken to Elayankudi General Hospital. He was working in Trichy with Airtel tower company. Most people, who could manage to get away did so and treated themselves privately. This is somewhat true. When he fell down his mobile and watch slipped. He said that even as he was bleeding profusely and fighting for life the police asked him to sign blank sheets of papers and threatened that only after he signed them, they would take him to hospital. An interesting piece of information is that he ran a magazine, called ‘Netaji,' for some years, starting from January 1949. Such things are normal expression of peoples' dissent in democracy. THEVAR played a very important role in the spectacular victory of the Congress party in the General Elections to the … He propagated the importance of education among Dalits and inspired them to fight against oppression. 6.3. Parvathiammal was furious with Muthuramalingam's father for having taken two new wives shortly after the death of his second wife. In 2009, Arivazhagan, from Sivagangai district was murdered in September. On telling him that since the traffic on the main road was diverted that day as in previous years, there was no question of rasta roko. He told us that since 2007, almost every year, some Dalit person who is active in one way or the other would be murdered by the Maravars in the first week of September. He declined to speak to us without the permission from the collector. The police had taken (stolen) his mobile. It was a highly objectionable act on the part of police. Many people do not seem to realize that it was firing until they see people being hit and fall bleeding. Today 34 persons have declared that this hall was registered in their name in 1993 and only they have all the rights regarding the hall. There was absolutely no provocation. As though to preempt the doubt about the professionalism of the state police in what would come after 20 days in paramakudi, the chief minister Jayalaithaa, who also holds Police and Home portfolios, made this announcement proudly in the Budget session of the State Assembly on August 24: “The Tamil Nadu Police, in its modern avatar, reflects a glorious tradition of over a century and a half. It was only after the pressure from people gathered there built up, that he was taken to the hospital. There were little over 100 people in the crowd but people were adding fast. In this election also he repeated his previous feat winning both the Lok Sabha as well as Assembly seats. The police also burst teargas shells at the protesters. People run helter skelter towards Mudukulathur road. •  The coming state sponsored Thevar jayanthi is surely to repeat police atrocities on Dalits. The state has never taken a note of this novel strategy of police. He was shocked to hear that the two boys who were fatally hit by Gajendran's bullets were 18 and 19 years old and they were charged for molesting a woman constable along with some usual ones. While the people were arguing with the police, those who were coming in closed vehicles were also stopped, leading to altercation between the people and the police. Right from 1957, when Immanuel Sekaran was murdered by Thevars for not having stood up in respect for Muthuramlinga Thevar during the Peace Conference after the riots between the Thevars and Pallars in 1957 elections, the Pallars started observing anniversary of his martyrdom as guru puja. He said it was not known to him that the people in the Apollo Hospital were randomly picked up after the firing and were beaten by police. Mr Sahayam gave us a patient hearing and said that he himself was shocked to hear about the firing at the Chintamani crossing, when he learnt about it after some time. He was then transferred to Apollo hospital where he was operated upon and the bullet was taken out. Immanuel replied, 'He is not a leader to me. Jaabal's wife had delivered a female child two days ago. This angered Muthuramalinga Thevar very much. Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar College - [PMT], Usilampatti - List of Professors and Faculty . In 2010 Harikrishnan from Konthgai, who was a mason by profession but also used to do wall writings inviting people to join the gathering on September 11, was murdered by the Maravars. Due to the escalating oppression, the then District Collector C.V.R.Panikkar made arrangements for talks between the Dalits, Maravars and Nadars on 10 September 1957 . No public transport is allowed on the road and hence there was no question of any road roko. Ukkirapandi Muthuramalinga Thevar 30 October 1908 – 30 October 1963, also requested as Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar, was the significant figure in a 20th century politics of a state of Tamil Nadu, India.He was the socialist & sometime a colleague of Subhas Chandra Bose who became the leader of the All India Forward Bloc AIFB, of which Thevar was national Deputy Chairman from 1952. However, DMK opposed it and came to power with the support of Swatantra party led by Rajaji. The faction led by Dr Krishnasamy was allied with the AIDMK and won the two seats that were given to it. 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